What is Autism?
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. People with autism experience developmental difficulties with regard to: social development, communication and flexibility in thinking in behaviour. These areas of difficulty are experienced by all people with autism, but their individual needs and the level of support required, may vary considerably. Some people with autism may have significant learning difficulties and struggle to communicate whilst others may be very able and have no obvious difficulty with language. Many will fall somewhere between these two, opposite ends of the spectrum.
How Autism Affects Learning
Pupils with ASD have very specific needs and so may require very individual learning approaches that need to be addressed when teaching them. As a result, no single approach or teaching style will be appropriate or successful for every child. It is essential, therefore, that the curriculum is modified and made accessible to children with ASD. By addressing their individual needs and determining appropriate teaching and learning methods which focus and build on the individual’s strengths, the child will have a greater chance to fulfil their potential and the best outcome will be achieved.